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40 Crypto Terms You Should Know Before Investing: A Beginner’s Guide

Crypto terms you should know

Crypto Vocabulary


These aren’t words from an alien language that was recently discovered. They’re among the many new and essential terms in bitcoin lingo, especially crypto terms you should know before investing.

Cryptocurrency isn’t just a new financial choice; it’s an entirely different world than traditional equities and bonds in many ways. Due to unfamiliar vocabulary, evolving technologies, and keeping up with memes and tweets, even seasoned traditional investors require time to understand the basics.

Before you begin, as with any investment, it’s critical to know precisely what you’re getting into. This is particularly true for speculative — and ever-changing — assets like cryptocurrencies. 

We recommend creating an emergency fund, paying off high-interest debt, and enrolling in a traditional retirement plan before investing in Bitcoin. As we previously indicated, you should only invest in cryptocurrency with what you are willing to lose, with experts recommending that you designate no more than 5% of your portfolio to these digital assets.

It would be ideal if you also had a rudimentary understanding of what you’re getting yourself into, such as how bitcoin varies from traditional investing approaches and the many elements that influence a cryptocurrency’s market value.

Here are a few crypto terms you should know to help beginners grasp the world of cryptocurrency investing.

40 Crypto Terms You Should Know Before You Invest 

1. Address

Crypto terms you should know

A crypto address is a series of characters that identifies a wallet capable of sending and receiving cryptocurrency. It’s similar to a physical address, an email address, or a website. Every address is unique and identifies a wallet’s location on the blockchain.

Most of the blockchain addresses are difficult to understand since they are long random strings of letters and digits. They are, however, all distinct, which causes no issues for computer networks.

2. Algo-Trading (Algorithmic Trading)

Algorithmic trading, often known as algo-trading, is an automated trading method in which buy and sell orders are placed based on the rules of a computer program or algorithm.

The algorithm can be set to take price into account, but it can also consider other parameters like timing and volume. When market conditions fit the algorithm’s criteria, the alga-trading program will place a buy or sell order.

3. Altcoin

An altcoin is a cryptocurrency that isn’t Bitcoin. 

Regardless, dozens of altcoins have developed since Bitcoin’s debut in 2011. Some coins are hot rubbish infested with financial crime, while others disrupt markets and shape industry trends. The majority of prominent altcoins have a real-world purpose. 

The value of altcoins can range from the second of the most popular coin, Ethereum, to thousands of coins with a small market capitalization. Experts advise that you invest largely in the more significant and well-known cryptocurrencies.

4. Bitcoin

In 2009, during the economic downturn, Bitcoin was founded. Bitcoin was designed as an electronic peer-to-peer cash system, but it has also attracted crypto-curious investors as a store-of-value currency similar to gold.

5. Bitcoin Cash

A Bitcoin fork resulted in a peer-to-peer electronic cash system. On the other hand, Bitcoin Cash is designed to be more transaction-friendly than Bitcoin, often seen as excessively ignitable to be used as a currency.

6. Block

Data groups exist within a blockchain. Transaction records are created as users buy and sell currencies; hence blocks on cryptocurrency blockchains are made up of data transactions. Every block can only hold a limited amount of data. Once the chain hits that limit, a new partnership is created to continue the chain. 

7. Blockchain

The core technology underpinning bitcoins and a digital type of record keeping. A blockchain is formed of sequential blocks stacked together to create an immutable and permanent record of transactions.

8. Cloud

A cloud is just a collection of servers that can be accessed via an internet connection. The cloud also includes the software and databases that run on those servers. Cloud servers are often distributed throughout multiple data centres across the world, and by utilizing cloud computing, both individuals and businesses can avoid managing physical servers and instead do so remotely.

9. Cloud Mining

Crypto Terms You Should Know
Cloud Mining – Crypto Terms You Should Know

The technique of employing computer hardware to undertake the computational work required to secure the operation of a blockchain in exchange for incentives handed out by the network in freshly generated coins is known as cryptocurrency mining.

In each given blockchain, there is competition among bitcoin miners; their success is determined by the efficiency of their mining setup. The computing power, or hash rate, of mining equipment is the number of hashes it can calculate per second, which is commonly measured in GH/s or TH/s. This one is very important in crypto terms you should know.

10. Coin

A representational store of digital value on a given blockchain or cryptocurrency network. Some blockchains, such as Bitcoin, call the network and the coin by the same name. Others, such as the Stellar blockchain, which has a native currency called Lumen, can have different words.

What were the first 10 crypto terms you should know as a beginner? Do these terms sound quite interesting? Well, let’s dig more.

11. Coinbase

This centralized bitcoin exchange is well-known. Coinbase has become the first cryptocurrency exchange listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange, making history. 

12. Cold Wallet

When not in use, cold wallets are cryptocurrency wallets that are not linked to the internet or other untrusted networks. This is done to add to the security provided by hot wallets, which are software wallets saved on a user’s local computer or accessed via a website interface from a service provider’s servers.

13. Cryptocurrency

A decentralized and digital kind of coin. Cryptocurrency can acquire stock, and the value is sold. 

14. Decentralization

This strategy distributes power away from a central place. Blockchains, unlike central authorities, are often decentralized since they require majority approval from all users to operate and make changes.

15. DeFi or Decentralized Finance 

Financial transactions are performed without the involvement of a third party, such as a bank, government, or other financial institution. 

16. DApps or Decentralized Applications 

Developer-created blockchain applications that carry out activities without the assistance of an intermediary.

To complete decentralized finance tasks, decentralized apps are widely employed. For decentralized finance, Ethereum is the most critical network. 

17. Electrum Wallet

Electrum is a small Bitcoin wallet that runs on Mac, Linux, and Windows. In November of 2011, Electrum was born. It may be utilized on mobile devices as well as desktop computers. You may get it for your Android phone and use it with the same features as the PC version.

Two of Electrum’s primary features are supported hardware wallets and safe Bitcoin storage utilizing an offline computer.

18. Exchange-Traded Fund

An ETF, or Market Traded Fund, is a portfolio of securities that include stocks, bonds, commodities, and cryptocurrencies but trades on a stock exchange as a single stock.

ETFs and mutual funds are similar in that they allow investors to diversify their returns by investing in various asset types.

19. Halving

A halvening (also known as halving) is a deflationary blockchain event in which block subsidies or incentives for validating transactions are cut in half. It is significant in that it reduces the rate at which supply enters circulation at any one time, increasing scarcity by bringing fewer and fewer coins/tokens into existence.

20. Hardware Wallet

Crypto Terms You Should Know
Hard Wallet – Crypto Terms You Should Know

A small device resembling to a USB flash drive is a hardware wallet. It was created specifically to hold cryptocurrency. When tracking a user’s digital wealth on specific blockchains, a hardware wallet first creates an isolated region that contains both public and private keys.

In other words, the hardware wallet offers access to the coins, not stores them. This hardware wallet is also known as a “cold wallet” or “cold storage,” and it is the polar opposite of hot wallets.

Way to go! Now that you have finished the 20 crypto terms you should know, what comes into your mind?

21. Hash

Each block identifies a unique string of numbers and characters linked to crypto buyers and sellers.

22. ICO stands for Initial Coin Offering 

A method of raising funding for a new cryptocurrency project. Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) of stocks are comparable to ICOs.

23. Liquidity Mining

Participants supply cryptocurrency into liquidity pools and are paid with fees and tokens based on their percentage of overall pool liquidity. These pools are made up of liquidity in the form of currency or token pairs that may be accessed through Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs).

24. Market Capitalization

Cryptocurrency market capitalization refers to the total worth of all the coins that have been mined. Market capitalization is estimated by multiplying the current value of the coins in circulation by the number of coins in circulation. 

25. Mining

The method by which new cryptocurrency coins are made available and a log of user transactions is kept.

26. Node

A computer that connects to a distributed ledger network.

27. Non-fungible tokens (NFTs)

Non-fungible tokens are value units used to represent ownership of one-of-a-kind digital objects such as artwork or collectibles. The Ethereum blockchain is where most NFTs are stored.

28. Peer-to-peer

Without a third party or intermediary, two users interact directly.

After knowing these crypto terms you should know, you can start and interact with other users or with someone you know without having a mediator.

29. Platform

Platform refers to the parent blockchain of tokens on CoinMarketCap. It could also refer to a bitcoin exchange where you can swap digital assets.

30. Play-to-Earn (Play2Earn)

Players can earn in-game assets that can be transferred to the real world as a valuable resource in Play2Earn (play-to-earn) games.

We are almost there. As a beginner, these 40 crypto terms you should know are the essential words. Let’s continue learning more about it.

31. Public Key 

A public key is a set of alphanumeric characters that can be used to encrypt plain text messages into ciphertext. A public key is used to conduct peer-to-peer transactions without having to expose the private key’s composition, allowing for a cryptographic function that allows for the safe and secure exchange of assets and information without the involvement of a third party.

32. Secret Key/Private Key

A private key is an alphanumeric string formed when a crypto wallet address is created and serves as the password or access code. Anyone with an access to a private key has complete authority over the wallet it represents, including access to the funds it contains, the ability to transfer or exchange assets, and the ability to utilize the account for other purposes.

The code allows you to access your cryptocurrency right now. Another

Smart Contract – Crypto Terms You Should Know

33. Smart Contract

An algorithmic program that automatically enacts the provisions of a contract based on its code.

The capacity to execute smart contracts is one of the Ethereum network’s core value propositions.

34. Digital Fiat or Stablecoin

Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies with a fixed value commonly linked to primary fiat currencies, like the US dollar, a basket of fiat currencies, or an exchange-traded commodity, such as precious metals.

Stablecoins are a much-needed antidote to the cryptocurrency markets’ price volatility.

An underlying asset collateralizes stablecoin currencies, usually the ones it digitally replicates, to ensure the same price stability as fiat currency.

35. Token

On a blockchain, a unit of value usually has some other value proposition other than just transferring currency (like a coin).

36. Wallet

A wallet where you can keep your cryptocurrency. Digital wallets are available on several exchanges. Wallets can be either hot (Internet, software-based) or cold (hardware-based) (offline, usually on a device).

37. Web 1.0


a word that is frequently used to characterize the early internet.

38. Web 2.0


It defines the current state of the web, which allows for more user-generated content and front-end stability than web 1.0 did.

39. Web 3.0


This is the internet’s next generation.

40. Proof of Zero-Knowledge


A building block for authentication and identity is zero-knowledge.

Zero-knowledge proofs (ZKPs) allow crypto transactions to be anonymous. They enable a user to demonstrate the reality of a situation without divulging any information about it. This would allow a person to authenticate that they have Bitcoin without having to display their signature or public address in the crypto realm.

It is very hard to understand these words by yourself alone as a beginner. Before dealing, mining, trading, etc., you must read Crypto Terms You Should Know as a starter. 

To know more about these Crypto Terms You Should Know Before Investing, don’t hesitate to message us now!

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